3D technology in laparoscopy – a new dimension in the operating room
Laparoscopy has revolutionized surgery compared to open procedures, especially in terms of reducing complications. Laparoscopy can be further improved through innovative technology. One such approach is 3D laparoscopy.
Laparoscopy places particular demands on the surgeon – the surgeon has to navigate and operate in three-dimensional space using a two-dimensional image, with the loss of depth perception. Correspondingly, visual perception is the main challenge for successful laparoscopic surgery. 
One solution to this problem are three-dimensional visualization methods. Such systems were already developed in the 1990s, but these were still limited in terms of image resolution and viewing conditions, and were unaffordable for most hospitals. Correspondingly, 3D systems could not be implemented in the operating room at first. However, since then, innovation has been driving the advancement of laparoscopy: more recent 3D visualization systems provide excellent image quality at more attractive prices. Studies show that in particular the new generation 3D systems are superior to 2D solutions in terms of performance. 
3D laparoscopy: Shorter operating times, fewer errors, fewer complications
3D techniques make laparoscopic operations faster and safer. According to a recent systematic review, the majority of studies where 2D and 3D techniques were compared showed that the respective operative task was solved significantly faster and with fewer errors when the 3D system was used in model experiments or patients.  The use of 3D in laparoscopy means shorter surgery times, shorter hospitalization and less postoperative pain compared to 2D.  The advantages of 3D laparoscopy are particularly important for complex tasks. [4, 5] In some operations, 3D does not significantly accelerate the operation, but improves depth perception and hence precision.  The result: Surgeons appreciate 3D laparoscopy and would prefer a 3D system. 
3D laparoscopy: novices learn faster, experienced surgeons operate better
3D systems measurably improve the spatial orientation as well as hand-eye coordination  and are perceived as less tiring.  This is particularly beneficial for novices: Thanks to better spatial orientation, they manage to learn a new surgical technique faster than with conventional laparoscopy. [8, 9] With 3D, a novice operates just as fast as an experienced surgeon with 2D.  But also experienced laparoscopists benefit from 3D technology and perform the tasks faster,  with fewer missed grasps  and fewer complications. 
Hence, 3D laparoscopy offers measurable advantages over the standard 2D systems: better depth perception, faster operation, higher patient satisfaction. Is your hospital already benefitting from these advantages?
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