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Nutrition in Oncology

Nutrients are key for life

Nutrition plays an important role in many aspects of cancer development and is an important supportive therapy throughout the whole pathway of cancer treatment. Adequate nutrition support can help cancer patients maintain weight and lean body composition, offering better recovery from nutrition impact symptoms and improving quality of life. 1, 2, 3, 4

[1] Santarpia L, Contaldo F, Pasasini F. Nutritional sccreening and early treatment of malnutrition in cancer patients. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2011 Mar, 2(1):27-35.

[2] Borges L, Paiva S, Silveira D, Assuncao M, Gonzalez M. Can nutritional status influence the quality of life of cancer patients?. Revista de Nutricao 23(5): 745-753. 2010.

[3] Kreitler S, Barak F, Danieli-Siegelman N, Ostrowsky A. Nutrition and quality of life in advanced cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology 23( Suppl.3):338-417. 2014.

[4] Insering EA, Capra S, Bauer JD. Nutrition intervention is beneficial in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the gastrointestinal or head and neck area. British journal of cancer (2004) 91, 447-452.

[5] Arends J, Bachmann P, Baracos V, et all. ESPEN guidelines on nutrition in cancer patients. Clinical Nutrition 36 (2017) 11-48.

[6] DeWys WD, Begg C, Lavin PT et al.: Prognostic effect of weight lossprior to chemotherapy in cancer patients. Am J Med 1980, 69: 491-7

[7] Stratton RJ: Disease-related malnutrition. An evidence-based approach to treatment. Hrsg. Stratton RJ, Green CJ, Elia M. CABI Publishing, Wallingford 2003.

[8] Tisdale MJ: Cachexia in cancer patients. Nat Rev Cancer 2002: 862-71.

[9] Andreyev HJN et al.: Why do patients with weight loss have a worse outcome when undergoing chemotherapy for gastrointestinal malignancies? Eur J Cancer 1998; 34: 503-9.

[10] Xia Yan, Fu-Xian Zhou, Tian Lan, hui Xu, xiao-xi Yang, Cong-hua Xie, Jing Dai, Zhen-ming Fu, Yan Gao, Lu-lu Chen. Optimal postoperative nutrition support for patients with gastrointestinal malignancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Nutrition 36 (2016) 710-721.

[11] Paccagnella A, Morasutti I, Rosti G. Nutritional intervention for improving treatment tolerance in cancer patients. Current opinion in oncology. July 2011, vol 23, issue 4 -p 322-330.e from the hospital. Discharge Management

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