List of abbreviations
ONS in oncology

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What does it mean?

Abbreviation Explanation

American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition


Bioelectrical impedance analysis


Body weight

CCRT Concurrent chemoradiotherapy
CINV Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
CRP C-reactive protein
CT Computerized tomography

Common Toxicity Criteria

DEXA Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
DHA Docosahexaenoic Acid
DLT Dose-limiting toxicity
DOESAK / DÖSAK German-Swiss-Austrian Working Group on Maxillofacial Tumors (Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerischer Arbeitskreis für Tumoren des Kiefer- Gesichtsbereichs)

Disease-related malnutrition


Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group


Enhanced Recovery After Surgery

ESPEN European society for clinical nutrition and metabolism (formerly known as European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition)
EPA Eicosapentaenoic acid
EWGSOP2 European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People 2
FAACT Functional Assessment of Anorexia / Cachexia Therapy
FFM / FFMI Fat-free mass / Fat-free mass index
FSMP Food for special medical purposes


GPS /mGPS Glasgow Prognostic Scale / modified Glasgow Prognostic Scale
HGS Handgrip strength

Karnofsky Performance Status

MNA Minimal Nutritional Assessment
MUAC Mid-upper arm muscle circumference
MUAMA Mid-upper arm muscle area
MUST Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool
NRS-2002 Nutritional Risk Screening
ONS Oral Nutritional Supplements
PG-SGA Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment 
PS Performance Status
QoL Quality of life
REE Resting energy expenditure

Radiation therapy

SARC-F Questionnaire with 5 components: Strength, Assistance with walking, Rise from a chair, Climb stairs and Falls
SGA Subjective Global Assessment
SPPB Short physical performance battery
TEE Total energy expenditure
TSF Triceps skin fold
TUG Timed up-and-go test
VAS Visual analogue scale