Compounding of parenteral nutrition
Parenteral nutrition regimens are complex medications. They consist of many macro- and micronutrients in various combinations and range in volume from 100 ml for preterm infants and neonates to 4,000 ml for adults.
They can be available as patient-specific formulation in ready-to use preparations – based on single nutrients or modified commercially available 2-chamber bags or 3-chamber bags – e.g., for neonates and preterm infants where requirements might change daily, for patients with hepatic or renal insufficiency or short bowel patients.
These patient-tailored regimens can either be prepared manually or automatically with a compounding device.