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Methods of bladder emptying
In many patients, the neurologic control of the sphincter and the pelvic floor muscles can be impaired or even non-existent. The reasons for this can be spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, prostate or bladder cancer, but also stroke or Alzheimer's disease. The consequences: the urine either remains in the bladder or is emptied uncontrollably – in either case, a urinary catheter is necessary.